Erdogan chairs Turkey cabinet for first time as head of state
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was chairing a cabinet meeting on Monday for the first time as head of state, in a move aimed at cementing his role as Turkey's undisputed number one.
Erdogan, who took over the presidency in August elections after more than a decade as premier, hosted the cabinet meeting at his own hugely controversial presidential palace on the outskirts of Ankara.
The Turkish president has the right under the constitution to chair cabinet meetings, which are usually overseen by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu.
However Erdogan's two predecessors in the presidential job -- Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Abdullah Gul -- performed largely ceremonial roles and never chaired a government meeting.
The last president to do so was Suleyman Demirel, who served as head of state from 1993-2000. Erdogan is just the sixth Turkish president in the history of the modern republic founded in 1923 to chair a cabinet meeting.
Erdogan transformed Turkey in over a decade as prime minister from 2003 to 2014, winning plaudits for speeding up development and growth but also facing accusations of imposing a creeping Islamisation and authoritarianism on the country's secular democracy.
The closed door-meeting, which will include presentations by ministers on key issues, began with a delay of over an hour at 1020 GMT, the official Anatolia news agency reported.
The first official images showed Erdogan sitting at the head of a vast oval table directly facing all the ministers.
Analysts see the meeting as a turning point in Turkish politics, symbolising the creation of a powerful presidency.
Commentator Murat Yetkin said previous examples of a president chairing a cabinet meeting followed either an invitation by a prime minister, or major international crises like the gathering called by late president Turgut Ozal for the Gulf War in the 1990s.
"Today is different," he wrote in Hurriyet Daily News, saying Davutoglu had simply accepted that "it would be Erdogan who ruled the country".
Last week, Erdogan hosted senior members of his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) at a dinner at the presidential palace, in another sign he wanted to bring the presidency and the prime ministry closer.
Erdogan was reportedly to set new ground rules for president-government relations during Monday's meeting -- which comes after he expanded the number of departments in the presidency from four to 12, covering such sectors as security policy, international relations, economy and public relations.
The August elections were the first time a Turkish president, traditionally a ceremonial role, has been directly elected by the people and Erdogan insisted he now has a popular mandate to be an active and powerful leader.
In barely half a year in office, Erdogan has transformed the role, making clear that the president is Turkey's number one on all the major issues, including foreign policy.
Monday's meeting comes at the start of a key year for Turkey which will in June vote in legislative elections where the AKP is seeking a big majority to write a new constitution that will enshrine Erdogan's powers as president.
The opposition Cumhuriyet newspaper deemed the meeting a "rehearsal" for a de-facto presidential system being introduced by Erdogan without changing the constitution.
Critics say civil and media freedoms have eroded further in Turkey during Erdogan's half year as president, which has been marked by an all-out-offensive against supporters of his arch foe, the US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen.
He has also raised eyebrows with some increasingly outlandish statements, claiming that Muslims discovered America before Columbus and saying women are not equal to men.
Erdogan's promotion of a strong presidency is symbolised by the vast presidential palace which opened last last year and he says is needed as a symbol of a powerful "new Turkey" but opponents say is another sign of authoritarian excess.
Previously, Turkish presidents from the founder of the modern republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk worked in the far more modest Cankaya palace in downtown Ankara.
The new palace has 1,150 rooms and was built at a cost of around 490 million euros ($615 million).