Kuwait budget surplus shrinks in first half year
KUWAIT CITY - Kuwait's provisional budget surplus shrank 15 percent in the first six months of the current fiscal year mainly due to a sharp jump in expenditures, the finance ministry said Tuesday.
The OPEC member posted a preliminary budget windfall of 10.7 billion dinars ($37.8 billion, 27.5 billion euros) in the period ending September 30, compared to 12.6 billion dinars in the corresponding period last year, according to figures posted on the ministry website.
Kuwait's fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31.
The main reason for the sharp drop in surplus is a 50 percent jump in spending to 5.1 billion dinars by the end of September from 3.4 billion a year ago, the official data showed.
Revenues remained almost unchanged at 15.8 billion dinars compared to 16.0 billion dinars a year ago. Oil income, which makes up around 95 percent of total revenues, dropped slightly from 15.4 billion dinars in the 2012-2013 fiscal year to 15.0 billion dinars in the current year.
Over the past seven years, projects in the Gulf state have been impeded by continued political disputes between the ruling family-controlled government and opposition MPs despite an unprecedented oil windfall due to high prices.
But the government has awarded a number of megaprojects in the past several months, including a power and water desalination plant and a 36-kilometre (22-mile) causeway, each costing $2.6 billion.
The government is also in the process of awarding a number of oil projects estimated to cost around $30 billion.
Kuwait is projecting spending in the current fiscal year, which ends on March 31, at 21.0 billion dinars, with revenues at 18.1 billion dinars, leaving a deficit of 2.9 billion dinars.
In the previous 2012/2013 fiscal year, the emirate posted an actual surplus of 12.7 billion dinars. Revenues came in at a record 32.0 billion dinars and spending was 19.3 billion dinars.
Kuwait posted a record surplus of 13.2 billion dinars in the 2011/2012 fiscal year. The emirate has ended the last 14 fiscal years in the black, accumulating more than $300 billion in surpluses.
Thanks to higher than expected income driven by firm oil prices, Kuwait decided for the second year in a row to transfer 25 percent of revenues into the emirate's sovereign wealth fund, the assets of which are currently estimated at over $400 billion.
Kuwait has a native population of 1.2 million in addition to 2.7 million foreigners and pumps about 3.0 million barrels of oil per day.