Syria rails against US for arming moderate opposition
The UN failed to break a deadlock at Syrian peace negotiations in Geneva on Tuesday, with talks interrupted after the regime railed against Washington instead of dealing with a transition of power.
There was also no movement on bringing relief to besieged residents in Syria's central city of Homs, where UN trucks are waiting for access to deliver desperately needed food and medical aid.
After a difficult morning meeting on the fourth day of talks, UN mediator Lakhdar Brahimi said he had decided to cancel afternoon talks and reconvene the parties for "what I hope will be a better session" on Wednesday morning.
"Nobody is walking out, nobody is running away," Brahimi told reporters. "We have not achieved any breakthrough, but we are still at it, and this is good enough as far as I'm concerned."
A member of the opposition negotiating team, Rima Fleihan, said that Brahimi adjourned the meeting "because the regime is not cooperating on any subject, not on humanitarian issues and not on a transitional governing body".
She said the opposition had presented a preliminary transition plan laying out its "vision" for Syria, but the regime refused to engage in talks.
"We have a vision, unfortunately the regime presented nothing and refused all discussion," Fleihan said.
Tuesday morning's session saw delegates from President Bashar al-Assad's regime present a statement it wanted adopted that condemned Washington.
The statement said "the United States has made a decision to resume arming terrorist groups in Syria".
"This decision can only be understood as a direct attempt to obstruct any political solution in Syria through dialogue," it said.
It follows a report from the Reuters news agency that the US Congress secretly approved funding for weapons deliveries to "moderate" Syrian rebel factions.
Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Muqdad said that showed Washington "is not interested in the success" of the peace process.
A State Department spokesman, Edgar Vasquez, dismissed accusations of Washington supporting terrorism as "ludicrous".
"The Assad regime is a magnet for terrorists. The regime's brutality is the source of the violent extremism in Syria today," he said in a statement.
"We support the moderate political and military opposition who are fighting for the freedom and dignity of all the Syrian people."
UN hasn't 'given up' on aid to Homs
Delegates from the regime and the opposition National Coalition have been brought together in the biggest diplomatic push yet to end a civil war that has left more than 130,000 dead and forced millions from their homes.
Expectations are low for a breakthrough, especially after the talks hit an impasse Monday when the two sides failed to agree on even the basic principles of political talks.
Despite their frustration, each side vowed it would not be the first to walk away from the talks, which are expected to last until Friday.
In the only tangible promise to emerge from the meetings so far, Brahimi said Sunday the regime had agreed to allow women and children safe passage from besieged rebel-held areas of Homs.
But there has been no movement since, on either an evacuation or Brahimi's hope that aid convoys will be allowed in the areas.
The Old City of Homs has been under siege since June 2012 after rebels there rose against the regime, with an estimated 500 families living with near-daily shelling and the barest of supplies.
UN bodies and the International Committee of the Red Cross have said they are on standby with aid but are waiting for approval to move in.
"The convoy is ready and still waiting to enter. The authorisation has not been given yet," Brahimi said. "We haven't given up on that."
Activists in Homs on Tuesday urged opposition figures at the talks to push for the lifting of the 600-day siege.
"We need the siege lifted and to ensure that residents can enter and exit through safe corridors, without passing through regime checkpoints," the activists said in a statement.
Should the siege remain in place, "all solutions will be futile, and will do nothing to end this tragedy," they said.
Meanwhile Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, whose government once had close ties with Damascus before becoming one of its most outspoken critics, arrived in Iran for talks.
"Turkey and Iran are two powerful countries that play a major role and have a say in the resolution of problems in the region," he said before leaving Ankara.
UN efforts to involve Iran in the Syria peace talks foundered as a result of objections from the United States and the opposition, who accuse Tehran of having propped up the regime of President Bashar al-Assad.