Elections for AU top job overshadow agenda of biannual summit
African Union leaders opened their biannual summit on Sunday to discuss the continent's hotspots including DR Congo and Mali, although elections for the bloc's top job overshadowed the agenda.
South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma is challenging the sitting chairman of the commission, Gabon's Jean Ping, after neither won the required two-thirds of the vote at the last summit six months ago, leaving Ping in the post.
Security issues are a top priority at the meeting, with leaders focusing on instability in Mali, renewed violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the ongoing crisis between Sudan and South Sudan.
Ping opened the two-day summit saying that the AU was ready to send troops to the restive eastern DR Congo as part of a peacekeeping force, where Rwanda is accused by UN experts and Kinshasa of supporting a mutiny by Congolese troops.
"The AU is prepared to contribute to the establishment of a regional force to put an end to the activities of armed groups," Ping told African leaders, including DR Congo President Joseph Kabila and Rwanda's Paul Kagame.
Rwanda has denied involvement, and in turn accuses Kinshasa of renewing cooperation with Rwandan Hutu rebels, who have been based in eastern DR Congo since the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
But Ping also warned other conflicts remained a major concern, describing the crisis in Mali -- where authorities are struggling to tackle Islamist militants -- -- as "one of the most serious threats to security and stability of the continent."
"The situation in the north of Mali... is alarming and is a threat to the region and beyond," said Jan Eliasson, the UN deputy secretary general.
More hopeful areas include Somalia -- where Islamist fighters are on the back foot -- and the disputes between Sudan and South Sudan, following fierce border battles in April and March along disputed regions of their oil-rich frontier.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and Salva Kiir of South Sudan shook hands warmly, following their first face-to-face talks on Saturday since the border fighting took them to the brink of all-out war.
Ping noted "with satisfaction the end to the fighting and advances made recently" in talks between Juba and Khartoum, who have been holding months of slow-moving AU-led talks to resolve a raft of contentious issues.
"Their people desperately hope for security and prosperity, we have a common duty not to shatter their hopes," Eliasson added.
For once, Ping noted positive changes in war-torn Somalia, praising the nations who had sent troops to battle the Al-Qaeda linked Shebab, including Burundi, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda in the 17,000-strong AU force, as well as Ethiopia.
"The prospects for peace have never looked so encouraging," said Ping.
However, the AU leadership race is expected to dominate proceedings later in the day, and both candidates have issued strongly worded public statements revealing the intense lobbying both sides have engaged in.
Analysts say unwritten tradition is that continental powerhouses do not run for the post -- leaving smaller nations to take the job -- and that South Africa's decision to override this rule has sparked bad feeling.
Benin's president and current AU chairman Thomas Boni Yayi warned that another failure to agree on a new head would damage the reputation of the 54-member body.
"The current situation cannot drag on without undermining the running of the African Union and tarnishing its image," Yayi told the summit.
"Africans and the outside world will be judging our capacity to unite our continent on our success in choosing a new commission chairman.... This time round we must not fail."
If no chair is selected at this summit, Ping -- who has held the post since 2008 -- could legally be asked to stay on as leader until the next summit in January 2013.